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Investigating the Ecology of West Nile Virus in the United States

By Barbara J. Abraham1, Josephine Rodriguez2

1. Hampton University 2. The University of Virginia's College at Wise

TIEE Module- How do biotic and abiotic environmental factors explain the historic, present, and future prevalence and range of West Nile Virus (WNV) in the US?

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Version 1.0 - published on 12 Mar 2019 doi:10.25334/Q4TT83 - cite this

Licensed under CC Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International according to these terms


What Students Do: Use maps, online databases, and peer-reviewed literature to: (1) learn background information on WNV (history of emergence in the US; life cycle, hosts, and vectors; different forms of WNV disease and susceptibility of various human age groups) and (2) generate and test hypotheses correlating human, avian, and mosquito WNV infection with avian biodiversity, presence/abundance of different avian hosts, climatology, topography, land use, and presence of specific habitats such as wetlands (Hometown Approach). Use either Supplements (in Resource Files) or Internet databases to analyze data in graphs and interpret maps to answer questions (Structured Approach).


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