The following articles were identified by iEMBER members as being of potential interest to individuals who are thinking about addressing inequality in biology education.

All iEMBER members are encouraged to contribute to iEMBER's QUBEShub site. If you would like to suggest additional articles to be included here, please contact our iEMBER QUBEShub coordinator, Dr. Rebecca Campbell-Montalvo at

Addressing Inequality in Biology Education

Allman, D. The sociology of social inclusion. Sage Open, 3(1), 2013.

Ballen, C. J., et al. Enhancing Diversity in Undergraduate Science: Self-Efficacy Drives Performance Gains with Active Learning. CBE-Life Sci Educ, 16(4), ar56, 2017.

Blackwell, L. S., Trzesniewski, K. H., & Dweck, C. S. Implicit theories of intelligence predict achievement across an adolescent transition: A longitudinal study and an intervention. Child Development, 78(1), 246-263, 2007.

Bowen, N. K., Wegmann, K. M., Webber, K. C. Enhancing a brief writing intervention to combat stereotype threat among middle-school students. J Educ Psychol, 105(2), 427-435, 2013.

Chin, Mark J., et al. "Bias in the air: A nationwide exploration of teachers’ implicit racial attitudes, aggregate bias, and student outcomes." Educational Researcher (2020)

CBE-Life Sci Educ, evidence-based teaching guides,

Gouvea, J.S., Culture and Equity in Science Classrooms, CBE Life Sci Educ, 17:fe8:1-3, 2018.

Harrison C. and K.D. Tanner. Language Matters: Considering Microaggressions in Science, CBE Life Sci Educ, 17:fe4, 1–8, 2018.

McGee, E.O., Devalued Black and Latino Racial Identities: A By-Product of STEM College Culture, Amer Educ Res J, 53 (6): 1626-1662, 2016.

McGee, E.O. and Martin, D.B.,You Would Not Believe What I Have to Go Through to Prove My Intellectual Value!” Stereotype Management Among Academically Successful Black Mathematics and Engineering Students, Amer Educ Res J, 48 (6): 1347-1389, 2011.

Miller S. and K.D. Tanner. A Portal into Biology Education: An Annotated List of Commonly Encountered Terms, CBE Life Sci Educ, 14: 1–14, 2015.

Pickett, C., et al., Toward a sustainable biomedical research enterprise..., PNAS, 2015.

Tennial, R., et al. "Formation of the iEMBER Inclusion Network." CBE Life Sci Educ, 2019

Theobald E.J., Eddy S.L., Grunspan, D.Z., Wiggins, B.L. and A.J. Crowe. Student perception of group dynamics predicts individual performance: comfort and equity matter, PLoS ONE, 12, e0181336, 2017.

Trujillo G. and K.D. Tanner. Considering the Role of Affect in Learning: Monitoring Students’ Self-Efficacy, Sense of Belonging, and Science Identity, CBE-Life Sci Educ, 13: 6–15, 2014

Walton, G. M., & Cohen, G. L. A brief social-belonging intervention improves academic and health outcomes of minority students. Science, 331(6023), 1447-1451, 2011.

Yeager, D. S., et al. Teaching a lay theory before college narrows achievement gaps at scale. PNAS, 113(24), E3341-E3348, 2016.