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  1. Structuring Courses for Equity

    Structuring Courses for Equity

    2021-08-29 20:28:08 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Austin D. Hocker, Eleanor V.H. Vandegrift* | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.44

    As instructors, we continually look for new ways to create equitable learning environments and support learning for all students in our courses. Recently, we have explored ways that we can increase structure to better support students. We have identified four evidence-based elements that we...

  2. Teaching Biodiversity with Museum Specimens in an Inquiry-Based Lab

    Teaching Biodiversity with Museum Specimens in an Inquiry-Based Lab

    2021-08-29 20:26:42 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Lisa L. Walsh*†, Cynthia J. Giffen†, Cody W. Thompson | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.45

    In response to the growth of biology datasets and broad efforts to digitize data, an increasingly important skill for science students is the management and analysis of large datasets. We designed an inquiry-based lab module to introduce students to museum research by quantitatively evaluating...

  3. Science Behind the Lesson: It's a Bird! It's a Plane! It's Biomechanics!

    Science Behind the Lesson: It's a Bird! It's a Plane! It's Biomechanics!

    2021-08-29 20:24:59 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Danielle Ingle*, Ryan Bruellman, Erick Espana, Katherine Galloway, Tanner Anderson, Tricia L. Meredith, Marianne E. Porter | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.43

    Active flight is a specialized mode of movement found in insects, birds, and mammals. The anatomy, morphology, physiology, and ecology of flying taxa has changed over evolutionary time. Researchers have proposed several hypotheses about the drivers that fueled the evolutionary transitions...

  4. Teaching Cell Structures through Games

    Teaching Cell Structures through Games

    2021-08-29 20:09:49 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Heather Nicole Tinsley* | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.23

    As the basic unit of life, cells are a foundational concept for all of biology. Before students can appreciate how eukaryotic cells function either in isolation or in higher order and multicellular organisms, they must first have a basic understanding of the organelles that make up these...

  5. Using Gamification to Teach Undergraduate Students about Scientific Writing

    Using Gamification to Teach Undergraduate Students about Scientific Writing

    2021-08-29 20:07:19 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Brian Ballard Gibbens, Noah Gettle, Seth Thompson, Katherine Muller | doi:10.24918/cs.2015.7

    Despite its importance, scientific writing is often deprioritized in undergraduate biology classes. Reasons include assumed prior knowledge, lack of class time, tedious grading, and the complexity and challenges associated with quality writing. To help students develop their writing skills, we...

  6. It's a bird! It's a plane! It's biomechanics!

    It's a bird! It's a plane! It's biomechanics!

    2021-08-29 20:04:14 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Danielle Ingle*, Ryan Bruellman, Erick Espana, Katherine Galloway, Tanner Anderson, Tricia L. Meredith, Marianne E. Porter | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.42

    Biomechanics is a discipline that draws from physics and engineering principles to understand the movement and structure of living organisms. It is highly interdisciplinary in nature and can be incorporated into general biology and ecology courses. In our lesson "It's a bird! It's...

  7. Translating Co-Translational Translocation

    Translating Co-Translational Translocation

    2021-08-29 19:57:34 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Kathryn E. Tifft*, Emily J. Fisher | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.40

    Understanding the process of proteins targeting to specific locations within a cell is a fundamental part of cell biology. Synthesis of proteins by co-translational translocation, which also determines the resulting protein topology, is a complex process that is often difficult for students to...

  8. Fruit Fly Genetics in a Day: A Guided Exploration to Help Many Large Sections of Beginning Students Uncover the Secrets of Sex-linked Inheritance

    Fruit Fly Genetics in a Day: A Guided Exploration to Help Many Large Sections of Beginning Students Uncover the Secrets of Sex-linked Inheritance

    2021-08-29 19:53:00 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Dean A. Croshaw, Matthew R. Palmtag* | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.39

    Moving beyond the basic concepts of autosomal Mendelian inheritance to sex-linkage can be difficult for introductory biology students. Although crosses with Drosophila fruit flies have long been a mainstay of genetics units that teach these concepts, they can be unwieldy for large...

  9. The Avocado Lab: An Inquiry-Driven Exploration of an Enzymatic Browning Reaction

    The Avocado Lab: An Inquiry-Driven Exploration of an Enzymatic Browning Reaction

    2021-08-29 19:51:00 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Shelby T. Peres, Kelsey A. Oonk, Kasandra J. Riley* | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.38

    Typical biochemistry labs exploring basic enzyme activity rely on costly, time-consuming protein purification and rarely explore enzyme function in situ. Further, complex purification procedures leave little room for novelty in experimental design. Here we present an inquiry-driven...

  10. Teaching students to read, interpret, and write about scientific research: A press release assignment in a large, lower-division class

    Teaching students to read, interpret, and write about scientific research: A press release assignment in a large, lower-division class

    2021-08-29 19:46:06 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Megan K. Barker, Eric W. Jandciu, Robin E. Young* | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.41

    A central skill in any science discipline is the ability to read, understand, and discuss the primary literature of the discipline. However, teaching this skill presents unique challenges within large, lower-division courses. To assess our course's learning objective 'Interpret...

  11. DNA Detective: Genotype to Phenotype. A Bioinformatics Workshop for Middle School to College.

    DNA Detective: Genotype to Phenotype. A Bioinformatics Workshop for Middle School to College.

    2021-08-29 19:33:18 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Anne L. Sternberger*, Sarah E. Wyatt | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.34

    Advances in high-throughput techniques have resulted in a rising demand for scientists with basic bioinformatics skills as well as workshops and curricula that teach students bioinformatics concepts. DNA Detective is a workshop we designed to introduce students to big data and bioinformatics...

  12. Integrating Primary Literature in a Lecture Course Using a Modified Version of the C.R.E.A.T.E. Approach

    Integrating Primary Literature in a Lecture Course Using a Modified Version of the C.R.E.A.T.E. Approach

    2021-08-29 19:29:27 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Christopher W. Beck | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.25

    Reforms in undergraduate science education place an increasing emphasis on teaching the skills of practicing scientists, such as reading and interpreting the primary research literature. Many approaches have been proposed to introduce students to the primary research literature. One approach,...

  13. Using CRISPR-Cas9 to teach the fundamentals of molecular biology and experimental design

    Using CRISPR-Cas9 to teach the fundamentals of molecular biology and experimental design

    2021-08-29 19:22:42 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Hooi Lynn Kee, J. Keenan Kushner, Catherine P. Deuchler, Ashley K. Becker, Damian G. Clarke, Jay N. Pieczynski* | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.21

    One of the challenges of inquiry-based research experiences is balancing the instruction on skills and techniques with data generation and analysis. This is especially true in technique heavy disciplines such as molecular biology, where emphasis is often placed on the acquisition of molecular...

  14. Visits to the writing center and office hours provide students structured reflection and low-stakes feedback on scientific writing in an Introductory Biology course

    Visits to the writing center and office hours provide students structured reflection and low-stakes feedback on scientific writing in an Introductory Biology course

    2021-08-29 19:18:42 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Yolanda M. Brooks* | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.36

    Effective written communication of scientific concepts is a critical, but difficult skill for undergraduate STEM majors to acquire. Oftentimes, the grades of lab reports are negatively impacted by sentence structure and the failure to adhere to the traditional conventions of scientific...

  15. Gotcha! Which fly trap is the best? An introduction to experimental data collection and analysis

    Gotcha! Which fly trap is the best? An introduction to experimental data collection and analysis

    2021-08-29 19:12:00 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Matthew D. Parrotta, Joël Dickinson, Thomas J.S. Merritt* | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.35

    Collecting data from experimental observations is an important component of the scientific process; likewise, the analysis of the data is essential to understanding the observed trends and patterns from any experiment. Allowing students to practice data collection and analysis is valuable to...

  16. Differential Gene Expression during Xenopus laevis Development

    Differential Gene Expression during Xenopus laevis Development

    2021-08-29 19:06:30 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Emily T. Shifley* | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.32

    In Developmental Biology classes, students are challenged with understanding how differential gene expression guides embryonic development. It can be difficult for students to realize that genes need to be turned on or off at the right time and place in order for development to proceed...

  17. The impact of diet and antibiotics on the gut microbiome

    The impact of diet and antibiotics on the gut microbiome

    2021-08-29 19:01:40 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Birgit M. Prüβ* | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.28

    The goal of this article is to describe an active learning exercise that can be used in a variety of advanced microbiology courses, including bacterial physiology, ecology, or systems biology. The gut microbiome is a multi-species bacterial community that is impacted by outside factors, such...

  18. The Science Behind the ACTN3 Polymorphism

    The Science Behind the ACTN3 Polymorphism

    2021-08-29 18:54:01 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Dana J. Somers*, Tiffany A. Frey*, Heather L. Lehman | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.31

    A common polymorphism in the alpha-actinin-3 (ACTN3) gene results in the lack of ACTN3 protein expression in fast twitch muscle fibers in ~16% of the human population (1). This genetic change has been linked with muscle performance in humans (2) but does not cause any known muscle...

  19. The ACTN3 Polymorphism: Applications in Genetics and Physiology Teaching Laboratories

    The ACTN3 Polymorphism: Applications in Genetics and Physiology Teaching Laboratories

    2021-08-29 18:48:10 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Tiffany A. Frey*, Dana J. Somers*, Heather L. Lehman, Allison E. Hall, Eun Kyeong Hwang, Ronit I. Yarden | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.30

    Inquiry-based undergraduate laboratories provide the opportunity to engage students in a research experience that improves scientific thinking, but such activities can be difficult to develop and implement due to limited time and resources. We have developed a series of inquiry-based...

  20. A CURE-based approach to teaching genomics using mitochondrial genomes

    A CURE-based approach to teaching genomics using mitochondrial genomes

    2021-08-29 18:25:27 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Cloe S. Pogoda*, Kyle G. Keepers, Jacob T. Stanley, Nolan C. Kane | doi:10.24918/cs.2019.33

    There is an abundance (currently over 1016 DNA bases) of publicly available genetic sequence data and a dearth of trained genomicists to process and interpret it, necessitating more trained bioinformaticians with biological expertise. For example, thousands of data sets are...