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ODD Description of the BEFORE Beech Forest Model

By Steven F Railsback1, Volker Grimm

Lang Railsback & Associates

This is a supplemental resource from ABM

Listed in Teaching Materials | resource by group Agent-Based and Individual-Based Modeling

Version 1.0 - published on 25 Oct 2018 doi:10.25334/Q4CX36 - cite this

Licensed under these terms


This is a supplemental resource from Agent-based and Individual-based Modeling: a practical introduction by Railsback and Grimm (2012). This is an ODD description of the BEFORE beech forest model, from section 18 of the book.

This document describes the BEFORE beech forest model described in Section 18.3. It is taken from an appendix to:

Jakoby, O., Rademacher, C., & Grimm, V. 2010. Modelling dead wood islands in European beech forests: how much and how reliably would they provide dead wood? European Journal of Forest Research, 129: 659-668


Rademacher, C., Neuert, C., Grundmann, V., Wissel, C., & Grimm, V. 2004. Reconstructing spatiotemporal dynamics of Central European natural beech forests: therule-based forest model BEFORE. Forest Ecology and Management 194:349-368.


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Agent-Based and Individual-Based Modeling

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