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ABO Blood Group Frequencies

By John R. Jungck1, Jennifer A. Spangenberg1

1. Beloit College

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This resource has been updated - find the current version here:

An Excel workbook in which students can calculate blood type frequencies through different approaches (Hardy-Weinberg, quadratic formula, and the EM algorithm).  The workbook shows the formulas used and various visual representations. 

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Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Jungck John R., Spangenberg Jennifer A () ABO Blood Group Frequencies. A module of the Biological ESTEEM Collection, published by the BioQUEST Curriculum Consortium. URL:

  • John R. Jungck; Jennifer A. Spangenberg (2015), "ABO Blood Group Frequencies,"

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Hayley Orndorf

University of Pittsburgh