Biometeorology of Asthma in South Florida: From Statistical Analysis to Mathematical Modeling

By David Quesada

St. Thomas University, School of Science, Technology and Engineering Management

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Biometeorology has emerged as an interdisciplinary field dedicated to the study of the mutual influence between living things and the surrounding environment. Within this field, the study of the weather – human interaction is of great importance. In this scenario, respiratory disorders, in particular asthma, constitute a subject of particular interest from both, science and health management. Asthma is linked to an out-of-control reaction from the immune system triggered by a diversity of pathways. The inner working of asthma triggering is still under debate and waiting for a proper quantitative description. In this communication, starting from medical records provided by the Department of Health of Florida through the BRACE project and the Florida Asthma coalition, a time series of Emergency Department (ED) visits due to asthma for Miami Dade and Broward Counties is analyzed in details, in such a way that some mathematical models of asthma triggering may be advanced. From thermal stress – epidemic induced asthma to neuro-endocrine-immune interaction models of this disease, a variety of mathematical methods are discussed, which includes: dynamical systems, feedback loops, self-organized criticality, chaos, and synchronization and entrainment in binary trees. Additionally, asthma is a disorder showing all attributes of complex systems behavior. Such integration may raise the interest of both undergraduate and graduate students interested in research projects connecting medicine and mathematics.

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  • David Quesada (2015), "Biometeorology of Asthma in South Florida: From Statistical Analysis to Mathematical Modeling,"

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